文章摘要
关于凉山黄牛开发利用的思考
Thinking on Development and utilization of Liangshan yellow cattle
投稿时间:2020-06-03  修订日期:2020-06-03
DOI:
中文关键词: 凉山黄牛  品种改良  提质增效
英文关键词: Liangshan yellow cattle  SBreed improvement  Improving the quality and increasing the efficiency
基金项目:四川省西昌市知科局项目(19NYCX0027);陕西省科学院项目(2016k-10);陕西省科技厅项目(2016NY-116,2018NY-104)
作者单位
张志敏,郭大庆,周雪飞,王思芦,志 莉,陈彬龙,赵 薇,张美丽,王 燕  
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中文摘要:
      凉山州位于川西南二半山区,是国家深度贫困地区,作为民族地区农牧民的重要家庭财产和经济来源之一,凉山州发展凉山黄牛产业有着不可替代的优势条件。凉山黄牛产业的稳定发展有利于进一步提高凉山黄牛的品质和产出,提高凉山黄牛品牌在国内的影响,对促进凉山的脱贫奔康和乡村振兴发挥重要的产业支撑示范引导作用。然而,凉山地区由于地域相对封闭,畜牧业技术普及缺失,导致近繁常态化,退化严重化的局面,如何利用凉山黄牛现有基础母牛群,通过品种改良技术的普及,帮助民族地区农民依托黄牛养殖提质增效、脱贫奔康是我们思考的核心。本文就凉山黄牛发展现状、凉山黄牛的提质增效中存在的问题以及凉山黄牛的未来发展思路等做一综述。
英文摘要:
      As one of the important family property and economic resources for people in minority areas, Liangshan Prefecture, which is located in the southwest of Sichuan and the second Mid-Levels, has irreplaceable advantages in developing the cattle industry. The steady development of the cattle industry is conducive to further improving the quality and output of the cattle and enhancing the domestic influence of the the cattle brand, it will play an important role in industry support and demonstration to promote poverty alleviation and rural revitalization in Liangshan. However, due to the relatively closed region and the lack of the popularization of animal husbandry technology in Liangshan area, the situation of near-normal breeding and serious degeneration has been brought about, it is the core of our thinking to help the farmers in ethnic areas rely on cattle breeding to improve quality and efficiency, and to get rid of poverty and running for health. In this paper, the basic situation of the cattle, the location of improving quality and efficiency of the cattle, the method of variety improvement, the expected effect of variety improvement and the prospect of the cattle improvement were reviewed.
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